Number 7. سSumitaBot (আলাপ)حصہ خصحس سے --صحسی، حب سست بسبب Alen's Institute, and our college in London, a Working Men's College. Now, how do you consider that these several institutes differ, or ought to differ, from idle men's institutes, and "idle men's colleges P Or by what, other word than "idle' shall I distinguish those whom the happiest and wisest of working men do not, object to call the Upper Classes' P Are there really upper classes-are there lower ? How much should they always be elevated, how much always depressed ? And, gentlemen and ladies-I pray those of you who aro here to forgive me the offence there may be in what lam going to say. It is not I who wish to say it. Better voices say it; voices of battle and of famine through all the world, which must be heard some day, whoever keeps silence. Neither is it to you specially that I say it. I am sure that, most, now present, know their duties of kindness, and fulfil them, better perhaps than I do mine. But I speak to you as representing your whole class, which crrs, I know, chiefly by thoughtlessness, but not Wilful error is limited by the will, but, what limit is there to therefore the less terribly. tlat of which we are unconscious? Bear with me, therefore, while I turn to these workmen, and ask them, what they think the “upper classes' are, and ought to be, in relation to them. Answer, you workmen who are here, as you would among yourselves, frankly; and tell me how you would have line call those classes. Am I to call them-- would you think me right in calling themthe idle classes ? I think you would feel somewhat uneasy, and as if I were not treating ly subject honestly, or speaking from my heart, if I went on under the supposition that all rich people were ille. You would be both unjust and unwise if you allowed me to y that ;-not less unjust than the rich people RUSKN ON WORK LSAALSASAASASSSLS SSLSSSLSSSMALSL ALASS SS SS SSL SSAMMMMSSSMMMSSS SS SSLL LLLLLL TAASSSLS SSLSASMMMA SASL AS ASASASASAAALLS AA S S his 333 sse- *-Nap-P " - " SSSS LLSAJSqSq S MSSLSLSSLSLSSTSeeLSLSLSLLL L M A S AeA A L SLSASLLLSMSMSLLLLLS SLLLLLS LSLSLSLS SLSeeSSLS LS who say that all the poor are idle, and will never work if they can help it, or more than they can help. For indeed the fact is, that there are idle poor and idle rich ; and there are busy poor, and busy rich. Many a beggar is as lazy as if he had ten thousand a year: and many a man of large fortune is busier than his errand-boy, and never would think of stopping in the street to play marbles. So that, in a large view, the distinction between workers and idlers, as between knaves and honest men, runs through the very heart, and innermost economies of men of all ranks and in all positions. There is a working class-strong and happy-among both rich and poor ; wicked, and miserable-among both rich and And the worst of the misunderstandings there is an idle class-weak, poor. arising between the two orders come of the unlucky fact that the wise of one class habitually contemplate the foolish of the other. If the busy rich people watched and rebuked the idle rich people, all would be right : and if the busy poor people watched and rebuked the idle poor people, all would be right. But each class has a tendency to look for the faults of the other. A hard-working man of property is particularly offended by an idle beggar; and an orderly, but poor, workman is naturally intolerant of the licentious luxury of the rich. And what is severe judgment in the minds of the just men of either class, becomes fierce enmity in the unjust-but among the unjust only. None but the dissolute among the poor look upon the rich as their natural enemies, or desire to pillage their houses and divide their property. None but the dissolute among the rich speak in opprobrious terms of the vices and follies of the poor. To be continued.
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