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Number 8. യ-ബം 品 قیه=صی == *ܩܡܗܝ sama-s rer صےسےے this aspect of the education problem in India. His whole-hearted and active support to the Nadwat-ul-ulema is another example of his conviction in this matter. He was years the Honorary Secretary of the Behar Ilandholders' Association, the premier institution of its kind in Behar. The members are mostly Hindus and his for a number of unopposed election speaks volumes in favour of his absolute non-secterianism. On the death of Babu Saligram Singh, the representative of the Behar Landholders” Association on the Bengal Legislative Council, Mr. Sharfuddin was unanimously elected to the same place and though he was in the Council for only about a year, he succeeded in inducing Sir Andrew Fraser to hold out the promise that he wond get the rules of the Budget discussion altered so that the non-official members may have an opportunity of discussing it before it was forinally presented to the Council in its cut and dried form and it is well known how that promise of Sir Andrew Fraser was fulfilled. His interpellations (in those days the members THE CATTLE OF BENGAL. ვ85 b al ܫܒܩ ܒܫ MSK re -rr wer server could not move resolutions) regarding the Industrial Survey of the country and the treatment of Juvenile and First Offenders were also not without some good-though not immidiate and direct. Albout female education and female emancipation he holds advanced views but he is He holds that all reforms must proceed slowly and from within.' The a cautious reformer. slowness is not a drawback but on the other hand social stability. One of the strongest factors of such stability is the inert proves ness or rather the active hostility with which It is the crucible where the dross is separated from the human societies receive all new ideas. genuine metal and which saves the body social from a succession of unprofitable and possibly injurious changes. That the reformer should also be the martyr is, perhaps, not a great price to pay for the caution with which society as a whole must move: to replace an individual man may require years, but a stable and efficient society is the product of centuries of develop N. ( . ment. ܥܣܦܝ द्र-त्र्— фул “C- (e) ཡང་ནས་ཉིད་ལ་ The Cattle of Bengal. N an agricultural province like Bengal the importance of cattle cannot be overestimated. And it was with considerable concern that those interested in the agriculture of the province had been viewing the deterioration of her cattle. This deterioration had advanced so far as to make the Government institute an enquiry into its causes and remedies. The results of that enquiry have been embodied in Mr. J. R. Blackwood's 'Survey and (ensus of the Cattle of Bengal' published by the local Government. Inspite of its shortcomings it is a valuable work in which the graveness of the situation has been very openly discussed. It is, moreover, (97) work of its kind and rich in illus the first trations representing the types of cattle in Bengal. Though one feels a little surprised when in the list of authorities consulted one misses the name of the most important book on Dairy Farming in India-that by Majors D. J. Meagher and R. E. Vaughan of the Indiara Army (published by the Government of India. in 1904) one must admit that Mr. Blackwood has taken pains to consult the books and articles of most of his predecessors in the field of enquiry. Here we would like to point out that, Bagerhat is a Sub-division not of the Dinajpure