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h A. - repre-rror Toer wr qpr of the war was the colossal numbers engaged, 'amounting to something like 24,000.000. In the Franco-Prussian War of 870 the armies numbered 100,000 to 200,000 each, and at -Granelotte, where the casualties were highest, the losses reached 30,000 for both sides, while for the whole war the total of killed and wounded was below half-a-million, whereas in the present war the killed alone were counted by the million. It was not a war between armies, but a war between nations; and no man or woman in the empire was not doing something to win or lose the war.' Does it not therefore ar ANATH BANDU. Volume -r argrav---rܡ stand to reason that before we adopt western institutions which are thc products of a civili. zation of which the latest outward manifestation is the present holocaust of blood in Europe, w should carefully analyse that civilization and find out what there is in it or rather what there is not in it, which can account for the present war and see if our own ancient civilization cannot be made to assimilate all the good points in modern civilization and while retaining our own individuality we cannot take our proper place among the other nations of the world. N. C. NNNN Water-Supply in Bengal. The following Circular has recently been 疆 issued by the Government of Bengal on the important question of water-supply in the province.-L. S. S. O'Malley, Esq, I. C. S., Secretary to the Government of Bengal has addressed the following circular to all Commissioners of Divisions. Sir-I am directed to refer to the instructions contained in Mr. Samman’s letter No. 388-92M., dated the 7th February 1914, and in Mr. De's letter No. 2319-23 L. S. G., dated the 25th September 1915, regarding the utilization of the public works cess. In the former letter District Boards were informed of the desirability of devoting a substantial portion out of the public works cess for the sanitation of villages and small towns, the improvement of the water-supply and anti-malarial operations. In the latter they were advised to utilize large sums for the excavation of tanks in rural areas. 2. The manner in which the District Boards have exercised their discretion in spending the pulvic works cess on the provision or improvement of water-supply was reviewed in paragraph liš of the resolution on the working of District Bards during 95-16. It observed that during the year 25-3 per cent of the cess was spent on water-supply by all the Boards taken together, but that in some districts, the proportion which the expenditure on W:ԱՏ water-supply bore to the public works cess receipts was unler ll per cent, while in one district it was as low as (5 per cent. It was also pointed out in paragraph 23 of the resolution that the amount actually spent was practically the same as in the preceding year and that in some districts there was a slackeniug of of the efforts for the improvement of watersupply. 3. It will be seen from the table given in paragraph 15 of the resolution above referred to which shows the average expenditure on certain heads during the three years preceding and immediately following the surrender of the public works cess, that the average annual expenditure on civil works during the latter triennium exceeded that for the triennium ending ih 1912-13 by approximately 2 lakhs. The amounts available for expenditure on communi