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VO. I. NO 9. The Cattle of Bengal. T. HE Resolution recorded on the Annual Report of the Bengal Veterinary College and of the (Sivil Veterinary Department Bengal for the year l912-1915 stated-' "The difficult and important question of the improvement of cattle-breeding has continued to engage the attention of Government and of the Agricultural Department. Shortly before the close of the year the sanction of Government was accorded to the establishment of a cattle and cultivation farm at Rangpur, and a prominent place in the work of the farm will be given to the improvement of the breed of cattle. The main object of the farm is to demonstrate to private persons the feasibility of such undertakings and the possibility of working them at a profit, and it is hoped that, if success attends the present experiment, Government will ultimately be able to withdraw in favour of private enterprise. Progress, however, must necessarily be slow, and the gloomy pioture which Mr. Kerr draws of tho present position as regards cabtle-breeding elearly shows that it would be idle to expect any material improvement in the breed of cattle in Bengal for years to come. Use is made of debilitated and badly shaped bulls, and little or no care is taken to prevent in-breeding. Though suitable bulls have been placed at the disposal of District Boards, they are eldom used, and even when used the valus of the good stock is often lost owing to the neglect of the cow or the calf.' t Here the whole blame was thrown on the People who are accused of not taking advan tage of the suitable bulls provided The charge was repeated in the Resolution of the next year “The Superintendent of the ('ivil Veterinary Department again remarks on the iudifference displayed by cattle-owners and the cultivators generally to the efforts which are being made to improve the breed of the cattle of this Presidency. It is reported that very little advantage is taken of the stud bulls serving in the various districts which are the property of the Jail authorities or of the District Boards. Unfortunately the teturn of stud bulls for the year 1913-14 shows that on the 31st March the number of bulls in 19 districts belonging to the Government did not exceed 30 and the number of bulls belonging to the l)istrict Boards did not exceed 34 The following extracts from the Note of the Superintendent, (ivil Veterinary Department, Bengal will show how the shortage of bulls has never been remedied :-" There were applications for 25 more bulls, which could not be supplied during the year' (1898-99) "An opportunity was offered by the Superintendent, ivil Veterinary Department, Madras, young bulls who reported that excellent and cows were obtainable in Nallore at a much reducel price. available” (1899-1900). “Attempts made to buy up the young stock of the Elisser bulls for preservation there were no. funds' (1900-1901). “There was a fairly constant demand for bulls from WOQ . Unfortunately no funds were - from castration, but Distrist Boards and Jails for improving milch