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4ვ6 eMgIMAugbo breeds, but we were not in a position to help them.' (1904-1905) 'Requests were received for bulls but could not be complied with.” (1906-07). "As usual applications were received for bulls, but could not be complied with for want of suitable animals' (191l-l2-13). And the Department admitted-'The raiyats appreciated these bulls wherever they were sent.' hus the charge brought against the cattleowners stands refuted The charge of neglect to utilise suitable bulls brought against the people have been so fully and conclusively answered by Mr. Blackwood that we need only quote his words“There is constant complaint regarding the apathy of villagers in bringing their cows to be covered, even although the fee charged is only nominal. There are several reasons for this. distance of, say, more than 2 or 8 miles, there is a danger that she will go off heat before she can be brought to the bull. If the bull is kept stationary in one place, the sphere of his activities is thus limited to a radius of about 8 miles from where he" is stationed. The next reason is that in many cases great difficulty was found in getting the cow covered owing to the disparity in the size of the bull compared with that of the cow, and in several cases where the covering was successful, the cow has died in the act of calving owing to the fact that the calf was too large to admit of birth being given to it.' The disparity in the size of the bull as compared with that of the ordinary Bengal cow shows how little care is taken in selecting sible bulls by the authorities. When a jä. ious selection is made, the result is an im sment in the breed. Mention has been made in the Report how in Jessore Mr Maclead (of Kotchandpur has improved the cattle in the neighbourhood by the introduction of a Hissar bull. We marked that improvement. And ódropriétice with a Montgomery

  1. ANATHẾANDHU."

One is that if a cow is brough from a Volume I. bull has given very satisfactory results; and we can recommend an average Montgomery bull for the improvement of cattle in Bengal. The introduction of foreign breeds has not been very successful except, perhaps, in Patna where the Taylor breed has given every satisfaction. And we need not indent costly foreign bulls, for Indian bulls have been found good enough, even in foreign countries. In his Notes on England Taine has remarked that in an English. farm he found among selected and expensive breeds an Indian bull and his progeny which "re-call the Buddhist Sculptures.' And only the other day the President of the Karachi Cattle Show remarked that the local authorities have been muoh exercised lately by the steady drain set up by the foreign demand for the well-known Karachi breed. At the last show, we were told, the best milch cow and the best stud bull exhibited were purchased by a representative of the Japanese Government. What is wanted is adequate care in the selection of suitable bulls for cows in the Province, and-what is more-a scheme should be devised for making the bulls available in the villages through local bodies or local landlords. “There is a general concensus of opinion,” says Mr. Blackwood, “ that a Bengali animal, if a good one, is much to be preferred for breeding purposes to one which is imported. It stands the climate better, is much easier to feed, and is not too big for local cows. If an imported animal is introduced, care should be taken to see that it is not the product of conditions essentially different to those of Bengal.” The meagre yield of milk of cattle in most districts is ascribed by the authors of Dairy Farming in India to careless breeding. If it is found that Bengal bulls are best suited to Bengal an attempt should be made to increase the supply of really good Bengal bulls. It has been found that “it is with great difficulty and only by means of Kine Kline tattled that