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Number 8 TIIE INDIAN MATCI INI)USTRY. 397 " AAA AA AAAS SLLTAA ASASASA AM SMSMASLS AS qLALALLLL LSSSMLLqALSAATALLSSLSLSA SAAAASAAAASLLSAAA SSS S SSSSSSMSLSALLSLLLAASSL LALALASLLAS m- *RAlexasa-7* ** - SLLLLS LSLS ASASMMSMSL MSSSLSSSSTSLSSqSS S SSS SSS SS SSLS LTSTASLSLL LSSSMSq STSqSS LLLS LLLLLSS ST S AAALSASSMSSSLSSS ۔ lai --maru. Tadas Nerud---Rae - asso amounts with advantage because programmes the control of the Cummissioners on the budgets and detailed schemes may not have been pre- of the Boards the delinquent Boards have thempared and the necessary organization is not selves by their gross neglect of duty made it really; but these difficulties should not exist, in necessary for the Governmont to direct the districts where a water survey has bcon carried Commissioners “to scrutinize the budget estiout, and Commission.crs of Divisions will be mates carefully and satisfy themselves that addirected to scrutinize the budget estimates care- equate provision has been made for expenditure fully and satisfy themselves that adequate pro- on water-supply.” A sadl commentary on Benw vision has been made for expenditure on water- gal's demand for a larger measure of local selfsupply.” government Thus it appears that though the tendency of n lemendra Prasad Ghose. the Government has been gradually to minimise UNaee-19 NO حے 7حصے The Indian Match Industry. TERTO one of the chief difficulties the more limited out turn. That the foreign natch. match industry in India has had to en- trade is well worth capturing, in whole or iu. counter has been the difficulty of extraction from part, is shown by the fact that the import of the high elevations at which woods suitable for matches had grown in value from Rs. 49 lakhs the purpose of match-making are to be found, a in 1904-1905 to Rs. 113 lakhs in 1914-1915. difficulty which it is thought can probably be Sweden and Norway used to send the bulk of overcome by mechanical extraction. It is noted the matches used in this country until Japan, in the Government report on the Forest Depart- owing to the careful manipulation of the trade ment, says the Indian Daily News, that in Cen- by the Japanese combine of manufacturers and tral and Southern India the cost of extraction to shippers, have now practically captured the a line of communication, and the high freight Indian trade at the expense of Norway and on the timber in the rough to the factory, are Sweden. These imported matches are sold at prohibitive, and here it is considered that the such extraordinary cheap rates that the Indian solution lies in the formation of plantations. In trade, handicapped as it is by excessive freights, Northern India where far superior wood for the not only for landing the timber in the round at purpose is obtainable in the silver fir and the the factory site, but in connection with imports spruce, which grow at high elevation in the of chemicals and the distribution of the manuHimalayas, it is suggested that the solution may factured product, cannot compete with them. be found in the erection of portable or semi- There is no scarcity of suitable timber, and portable splint, machines in the hills, in the there are large factories already in existence, vicinity of the spruce and silver fir forests, and But the difficulties above enumerated prevent by transporting the prepared splints to central the timber from being brought to the factory at match factories in the plains, a system of work- a cost that will allow the indigenous article to ing which it is understood has been inaugurated compete with the foreign importations. So far, in Japan and elsewhere. There are at present no means have been found to overcome these eight large match factories at work in India, difficulties. and a number of smaller ones working with a